signedup logo

Physical scientists

£18,720 Average salary at age 20
£47,840 Average Salary
42 Average hours per week


Physical scientists study relationships between matter, energy and other physical phenomena, the nature, composition and structure of the Earth and other planetary bodies and forecast weather conditions and electrical, magnetic, seismic and thermal activity.

Main Tasks

  • Conducts experiments and tests and uses mathematical models and theories to investigate the structure and properties of matter, transformations and propagations of energy, the behaviour of particles and their interaction with various forms of energy;
  • Uses surveys, seismology and other methods to determine the earth’s mantle, crust, rock structure and type, and to analyse and predict the occurrence of seismological activity;
  • Observes, records and collates data on atmospheric conditions from weather stations, satellites, and observation vessels to plot and forecast weather conditions;
  • Applies mathematical models and techniques to assist in the solution of scientific problems in industry and commerce and seeks out new applications of mathematical analysis.


Entrants usually possess a degree, although entry may also be possible with an appropriate BTEC/SQA award. Further specialist training is provided on the job. Higher degrees and professional qualifications are available.

What Physical scientists studied in higher education

A text alternative for this canvas pie chart is provided in the data table below
What Physical scientists studied in higher education
Occupation Percentage Value
(G1) Mathematics1
(F2) Materials science1
(H3) Mechanical engineering1
(F1) Chemistry2
(H4) Aerospace engineering1
(F7) Science of aquatic & terrestrial environments4
(F6) Geology44
(F8) Physical geographical sciences5
(H8) Chemical, process & energy engineering1
(F5) Astronomy2
(J2) Metallurgy1
(H1) General engineering1
(H2) Civil engineering4
(J1) Minerals technology1
(F3) Physics25
(H6) Electronic & electrical engineering1
(I1) Computer science1

UK Prospects

38700 Workforce Size
4.16% Predicted growth 2022 - 2027
4360 Predicted Replacement 2022 - 2027

Related Job Vacancies

loader graphic

Related Apprenticeships

loader graphic

Related Courses

loader graphic