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Mechanical engineers

£18,200 Average salary at age 20
£47,840 Average Salary
38 Average hours per week


Mechanical engineers undertake research and design, direct the manufacture and manage the operation and maintenance of engines, machines, aircraft, vehicle and ships’ structures, building services and other mechanical items.

Main Tasks

  • Undertakes research and advises on energy use, materials handling, thermodynamic processes, fluid mechanics, vehicles and environmental controls;
  • Determines materials, equipment, piping, capacities, layout of plant or system and specification for manufacture;
  • Designs mechanical equipment, such as steam, internal combustion and other non-electrical motors for railway locomotives, road vehicles, aeroplanes and other machinery;
  • Ensures that equipment, operation and maintenance comply with design specifications and safety standards;
  • Organises and establishes control systems to monitor operational efficiency and performance of materials and systems.


Mechanical engineers usually possess an accredited university degree. After qualifying, periods of appropriate training and experience are required before membership of a chartered engineering institution is attainable. Incorporated engineers possess an accredited university degree, BTEC/SQA award or an apprenticeship leading to an NVQ/SVQ at Level 4, followed by periods of training and relevant experience.

What Mechanical engineers studied in higher education

A text alternative for this canvas pie chart is provided in the data table below
What Mechanical engineers studied in higher education
Occupation Percentage Value
(W2) Design studies1
(H3) Mechanical engineering59
(H4) Aerospace engineering15
(H5) Naval architecture2
(H8) Chemical, process & energy engineering2
(K2) Building1
(K1) Architecture1
(J5) Materials technology not otherwise specified1
(H1) General engineering5
(H2) Civil engineering3
(H7) Production & manufacturing engineering2
(F3) Physics1
(J6) Maritime technology2
(N2) Management studies1
(H6) Electronic & electrical engineering3

UK Prospects

75800 Workforce Size
3.26% Predicted growth 2023 - 2027
10427 Predicted Replacement 2023 - 2027

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