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Civil engineers

£17,680 Average salary at age 20
£46,800 Average Salary
38 Average hours per week


Civil engineers undertake research and design, direct construction and manage the operation and maintenance of civil and mining engineering structures.

Main Tasks

  • Undertakes research and advises on soil mechanics, concrete technology, hydraulics, water and waste water treatment processes and other civil engineering matters;
  • Determines and specifies construction methods, materials, quality and safety standards and ensures that equipment operation and maintenance comply with design specifications;
  • Designs foundations and earthworks;
  • Designs structures such as roads, dams, bridges, railways, hydraulic systems, sewerage systems, industrial and other buildings and plans the layout of tunnels, wells and construction shafts;
  • Organises and plans projects, arranges work schedules, carries out inspection work and plans maintenance control;
  • Organises and establishes control systems to monitor operational efficiency and performance of materials and systems.


Civil engineers usually possess an accredited three or four-year degree in civil engineering or engineering science or an accredited Higher National Diploma or Certificate. The status of ‘incorporated engineer’ is obtained upon the completion of further training at work and associate membership of a chartered engineering institution. The status of ‘chartered engineer’ is achieved through the completion of postgraduate training and full membership of a chartered engineering institution.

What Civil engineers studied in higher education

A text alternative for this canvas pie chart is provided in the data table below
What Civil engineers studied in higher education
Occupation Percentage Value
(H3) Mechanical engineering3
(F6) Geology3
(F8) Physical geographical sciences1
(H8) Chemical, process & energy engineering3
(K2) Building3
(K1) Architecture1
(H1) General engineering3
(H2) Civil engineering77
(J1) Minerals technology1
(H6) Electronic & electrical engineering1

UK Prospects

90500 Workforce Size
3.26% Predicted growth 2023 - 2027
10068 Predicted Replacement 2023 - 2027

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