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Biological scientists and biochemists

£16,120 Average salary at age 20
£42,120 Average Salary
37 Average hours per week


Biological scientists and biochemists examine and investigate the morphology, structure, chemistry and physical characteristics of living organisms, including their inter-relationships, environments and diseases.

Main Tasks

  • Studies the physical and chemical form, structure, composition and function of living organisms;
  • Identifies and studies the chemical substances, including microbial infections, involved in physiological processes and the progress of disease;
  • Performs tests to study physiological and pathological characteristics within cells and other organisms;
  • Researches the effects of internal and external environmental factors on the life processes and other functions of living organisms;
  • Observes the structure of communities of organisms in the laboratory and in their natural environment;
  • Advises farmers, medical staff and others, on the nature of field crops, livestock and produce and on the treatment and prevention of disease;
  • Monitors the distribution, presence and behaviour of plants, animals and aquatic life, and performs other scientific tasks related to conservation not performed by jobholders in MINOR GROUP 214: Conservation and Environment Professionals.


Entrants usually possess a degree. Entry may also be possible with an appropriate BTEC/SQA award, an Advanced GNVQ/GSVQ Level III, or other academic qualifications. Further specialist training is provided on the job. Some employers may expect entrants to gain professional qualifications.

What Biological scientists and biochemists studied in higher education

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What Biological scientists and biochemists studied in higher education
Occupation Percentage Value
(C9) Others in biological sciences9
(B2) Pharmacology, toxicology & pharmacy4
(A9) Others in medicine & dentistry2
(C1) Biology15
(F1) Chemistry3
(C8) Psychology2
(C5) Microbiology4
(F7) Science of aquatic & terrestrial environments1
(D3) Animal science1
(F8) Physical geographical sciences1
(B0) Broadly-based programmes within subjects allied to medicine1
(D4) Agriculture3
(A3) Clinical medicine7
(C7) Molecular biology, biophysics & biochemistry11
(H8) Chemical, process & energy engineering1
(A1) Pre-clinical medicine2
(C2) Botany1
(C4) Genetics3
(H1) General engineering1
(B8) Medical technology1
(B9) Others in subjects allied to medicine8
(B1) Anatomy, physiology & pathology8
(F4) Forensic & archaeological sciences2
(J7) Biotechnology1
(F3) Physics1
(D6) Food & beverage studies1
(C6) Sport & exercise science1
(C3) Zoology1

UK Prospects

103400 Workforce Size
4.16% Predicted growth 2022 - 2027
15515 Predicted Replacement 2022 - 2027

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